GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE IDEAL OF AN ENTERPRISING PERSON
 

The study results defined as educational goals in national curricula (National Curriculum for Preschool Child Care Institutions, National Curriculum for Basic Schools and National Curriculum for Upper Secondary Schools) were used for phrasing the ideal of an enterprising person by different age groups. The study results were classified and summarised on the basis of the aforementioned general indicators for enterprising person. In case of enterprising mindset indicators, where the support of study results was modest or absent, the respective competency was phrased at the Entrepreneurship Education Think Tank in cooperation with the experts of the respective education level.
 

Ideal of Enterprising Person in Different Ages

  1. HAPPY, CREATIVE AND BRAVE CHILD
  2. HAPPY, CREATIVE AND BRAVE PUPIL
  3. ENTERPRISING TEENAGER
  4. ENTERPRISING YOUNG PERSON
  5. ENTERPRISING YOUNG PERSON WHO IS STARTING INDEPENDENT LIFE


1. HAPPY, CREATIVE AND BRAVE CHILD

Thinks creatively

  • Enjoys playing; wants to explore, ask questions, discover and experiment in his or her surroundings
  • Imitates different roles in his/her games; applies his/her experiences, knowledge and impressions of the surrounding world creatively
  • While playing, is able to solve problems and achieve agreements with his/her companions
  • Knows that people are different; is able to understand the feelings of other people and consider them in his/her behaviours and conversations

Takes brave initiative

  • Describes his/her good qualities and skills; acts independently, in new situations according to the instructions of adults
  • Dares to dream and speak about his/her dreams
  • Initiates different games and develops activities, explains his/her opinions
  • Has developed work habits appropriate for his/her age and the wish to do everything well

Acts wisely

  • Understands simpler associations (e.g. cause and effect), perceives objects, events and phenomena as a whole, groups them based on various characteristics
  • Uses discursive dialogue, understands what is being said and dares to communicate and establish friendly relations, participate in joint activities
  • Plans and organises his/her daily activities, completes the activities he/she has started, is able to focus for up to half an hour
  • While playing, uses different tools with good care and when the activities are finished, cleans up after himself/herself

Takes responsibility and cares

  • Cares about other persons and the surrounding environment, makes a difference between good and bad behaviour, is able to behave appropriately in different situations and modifies his/her behaviour according to received feedback
  • Follows the agreed rules and rules of conduct, knows what could be good or bad for health and how to behave in a safe manner, tries to help and if necessary, asks for help
  • Enjoys success and is able to cope with disappointments, is able to describe his/her feelings and express strong emotions (e.g. happiness and anger) in the appropriate manner
     

2. HAPPY, CREATIVE AND BRAVE PUPIL

Thinks creatively

  • Enjoys playing and learning; wants to explore, ask questions, discover and experiment in his/her area
  • Performs different age-appropriate roles at home and in school; thinks creatively, is able to express and apply his or her ideas
  • Uses what he/she has learned by solving age-appropriate daily problems, if necessary uses the help of adults
  • Observes and describes his/her surroundings, notices the differences and similarities; values and respects himself/herself and others, his/her home and homeland

Takes brave initiative

  • Understands his/her right to remain oneself, explains the importance of believing in oneself and brings examples of why every person is special
  • Is able to focus on performing a task, notice obstacles and possibilities for overcoming them
  • Expresses opinion on experiences, dares to choose opportunities for realising his/her ideas and try out different solutions
  • Dares to dreams and set role models

Acts wisely

  • Plans and organises his/her daily activities; tries to divide time between studying, hobbies, chores and resting; completes what he/she has started
  • Describes his/her interests and activities that he/she likes to do, distinguishes between wishes and needs, work and play and with the help of instructions, assesses the results and consequences of his/her choices
  • Is able to plan and use his/her time, money, information and the necessary tools, understands their value and is able to make connections between what he/she has learned and experiences
  • Is able to initiate conversations, communicate in a polite, friendly and considerate manner and act alone as well as together with others

Takes responsibility and cares

  • Cares and respects his/her family, classmates and school, values friendship and the surrounding environment; knows his/her rights and obligations
  • Observes the generally recognised rules and rules of conduct; maintains cleanliness, order and health, and behaves in a manner that is safe for oneself, others and the environment; knows that he/she is responsible for his/her words and actions
  • Understands that you cannot win always and with instructions is able to analyse the reasons of failure and learn from mistakes; is able to apologise and forgive


3. ENTERPRISING TEENAGER

Thinks creatively

  • Enjoys working applying knowledge, takes interest in various things
  • Performs different age-appropriate roles at home, in school and with companions; thinks creatively and uses different tools for finding and realising ideas
  • Uses what he/she has learned and finds different solutions for age-appropriate daily problems
  • Takes interest in events in the society and world, notices global connections and perceives himself/herself as a part of the world

Takes brave initiative

  • Perceives his/her capabilities, wants to apply and develop them
  • Is ready to undertake tasks, is able to manage with removing obstacles and sets goals for his/her activities
  • Expresses opinion on what he/she has experienced, finds possibilities for realising his/her ideas on his/her own; describes, presents and assesses his/her ideas and work
  • Dares to dream and is looking for ideals

Acts wisely

  • Is able to purposefully divide time between studying, hobbies, chores and resting; knows what are the factors that help or hinder focusing on a task and is able to consider them
  • Describes and analyses his/her interests and activities, which he/she enjoys; distinguishes between wishes and needs, work and play and assesses the results and consequences of his/her choices
  • Is able to make purposeful choices for planning and using his/her time, money, information and necessary tools, understands their value and uses what he/she has learned in daily life

Takes responsibility and cares

  • Communicates in a polite, friendly and considerate manner and understands the power of a word; acts alone as well as together with others
  • Knows that people, views and situations are different, has a non-biased and respectful attitude towards them; knows his/her rights and obligations
  • Knows the rules and standards of the society, understands the need for them; when making choices, considers the environment and acts in a healthy manner, takes responsibility for his/her actions and fulfils his/her promises
  • In case of failure, is able to notice the positive and learn from the mistakes made; is aware that in uncertainty he/she cannot be held responsible for everything; dares to ask for help


4. ENTERPRISING YOUNG PERSON

Thinks creatively

  • Enjoys working together, is acquisitive and takes interest in world issues
  • Feels that he/she is a part of the society; thinks in a systematic, creative and critical manner and is able to find opportunities for realising ideas
  • Finds different solutions for daily problems, describes the consequences of his/her activities and appraises them
  • Takes interest in the society and different cultures; knows what is globalisation and is able to use the possibilities of the open world and avoid dangers

Takes brave initiative

  • Believes in himself/herself and his/her capabilities; wants, can and dares to present and defend his/her positions
  • Has a conscientious attitude towards tasks he/she has undertaken, organises joint work and distributes tasks, wants to achieve the best results
  • Initiates, develops and applies ideas; is able to perform and discuss different topics and make choices
  • Sets goals for striving towards ideals

Acts wisely

  • Is able to plan activities and tools for realising the set goal, set interim goals and priorities and work for them; purposefully uses time and resources
  • Understands his/her responsibility in designing his/her life; plans career choices by analysing his/her capabilities and potential and knowing the possibilities of the choices, and forecasting the consequences
  • Knows and is able to see sources for resources (labour force, time, information) and connections between them, and is able to plan the resources and understand their value
  • Expresses in a relevant and clear manner, has acquired a functional and technological literacy, knows how to listen to others; is able to assess and value his/her own contribution as that of the others in collective work

Takes responsibility and cares

  • Recognises the difference in people, views and situations, has a non-biased and respectful attitude towards them; understands the difference of environments and assesses their possibilities and risks; knows and values the principles of democracy
  • Values healthy lifestyle, rules and standards of the society and understands the need for them, observes them in his/her daily life; when making choices, considers the environment around him/her and abides by laws
  • In case of failure, assesses, analyses and corrects his/her activities, knows how to manage emotions and if necessary, dares to seek help
     

5. ENTERPRISING YOUNG PERSON WHO IS STARTING INDEPENDENT LIFE

Thinks creatively

  • Enjoys learning and understands its value; takes interest in his/her own development as well as that of the people, community and world
  • Perceives himself/herself as a part of the society as well as a citizen of the world; thinks systematically, creatively and critically, is able to find and analyse relevant information for carrying out ideas and assess the reliability of a source or discussion
  • Is able to define, word and solve problems and draw conclusions as well as correct mistakes
  • Understands the development of the human society and changes that occur today as well as the causes and consequences of the most important events

Takes brave initiative

  • Believes in himself/herself and his/her capacities; wants, can and dares to present and defend his/her opinions in a reasoned manner; analyses his/her capacities, strengths and weaknesses
  • Fulfils the obligations he/she has taken, is ready to lead and follow in the name of achieving the best collective result
  • Reasons bravely and clearly and is able to defend his/her positions and ideas in private, public and official communication; makes decisions and experiments
  • Has his/her own vision of the future, plans the future and sets himself/herself related goals

Acts wisely

  • Is able to plan and prioritise activities and resources in order to realise the set goals, set interim goals and act with results as well as assess the level of what he/she has achieved and if necessary, change activities
  • Takes responsibility for his/her own choices and decisions, understands the context of the era and the role of an individual on the community as well as global level; is able to make reasoned career choices
  • Analyses the possibilities and choices while planning resources and uses the resources feasibly, systematically applies what he/she has learned in his/her daily life
  • Knows how to establish and keep relationships; chooses the means of expression and channels of communication based on functional, ethical and aesthetic considerations; initiates and is open to cooperation

Takes responsibility and cares

  • Understands the difference in people, views, situations and environments, and has a respectful attitude towards individualities, cultural differences as well as differences in outlook on life, unless these views are not against humanity
  • Behaves as an active citizen who abides by the rules and standards of society; values family and his/her country, understands their role in the life of a person and his/her responsibility for them
  • In case of failure assesses, analyses and corrects his/her activities, considering his/her capacities and possibilities; is able to foresee potential success and failure and if necessary, seek help